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Tuesday, 12 March 2019 07:24

Postage Stamps History

Small-scale Glass Painting

The first stamp for postal services in the world was created and introduced in the UK, and it was called a Black Penny, having a picture of Queen Victoria on it. It is really an interesting thing, how people come up with stamps and how they were introduced to the public and how postal service could have been without stamps at all.

What Was before the Envelope?

The postal stamp era starts from 1840, the year when the first stamp was released. Before the paper stamps, there were other types, made from cork or wood. There were also special hand-stamps and inks for verification of letter payment and sender. No matter what systems of verification were popular, as they were sent without actual postal stamp on it.

At the beginning of postal service, people didn’t even think about envelopes. Frankly speaking, envelope was considered as only additioinal piece of paper which made the process rather more costy. In order to send a letter, you needed just to seal it so the message within is not seen. The one who receives your letter should pay for it, it is as simple as that. The fees for letters were comparatively high, so lots of people declined the letters coming to them. There were even profound cheating systems in order to fool the postal services. They used to write secret small messafes on the top of the letter, they saw it when they received a letter, and then they declined it. Because such system was too popular, the postal services made sender pay for the message and the era of postage stamps began.

Rowland Hill the Reformator

The postal reform took place because of efforts put by Rowland Hill. He changed the system that the postage fee was paid due to the weight of the mail, rather than its size. He was the one to come up with the first dhesive stamp in 1837, later he was made a knight for this invention. The first stamp – Penny Black – the beginning of stamps era, was firstly issued in UK in 1840. It led to the simplification of the letters’ payment process, as well as gave an ability to prepay letters, and the price was really affordable.

The Dawn of the Stamps

Sir Rowland Hill created the image of the first stamp which one penny worth. As this postage stamp was issued in black, later in history, it became famous all over the world as the Penny Black - first postage stamp ever made.

It was verified for usafe on 6st of May 1840, and two days later it was issued for common use. The first postage stamp in history, the Penny Black, became available to the public on May 8, 1840. It had a picture of Queen Victoria on it. Later the Penny Black two was released as well, with a seconf image of Queen Victoria. It is interesting that first stamps didn’t have perforations, as people didn’t figure it out back then, so they just cut it out with scissors or knives.

By the time Penny Black was released, there had been no use in indicating the country on a stamp, as UK was the one and only country that introduced stamps. Still to that day, UK doesn’t use the name of the country on their stamps, but they have another way of distinction: there always be an image of a reigning person no matter what theme of the stamp is.

As soon as stamps were introduced to UK residents, the postal system experienced a small revolution, as the system was simple and increased the speed of the work. Till the introduction of stamps there were 76 million of stamps send in 1839, which is really hard to compare to 1950 and 350 million and it increased a lot beck then. The popularity of letters lasted till the end of 1990’s, as the Internet messaging took its niche.

The Growth of Collectors

The presence of stamps has led to the growth of stamp collectors and the postage stamps of each country in the world became a subject for enriching the collection. Soon after the familiarizing with adhesive stamps in 1840, people started collecting these items. They couldn’t even imagine that their actions can lead to one of the most widespread hobby in the world. What’s more they couldn’t even imagine that people can get extremely rich because of few rare stamps gathered together.

Philately

Philately is the study about stamps, its history, and everyhting connected to postage stamps. Stamp collecting does not mandatory involve the study of stamps. Basically, you might be called a philatelist even though, you didn’t obrain any stamps. Philatelists often just use the scientifical approach and learn stamps that are important to history and are kept in museum, but basically philatelists do not have these stamps for themselves.

Source: stamp-collector.biz

Published in Post
Friday, 22 February 2019 06:42

Before The Modern Postage Stamp

In ancient times the common person rarely if ever sent or received what we would consider mail. If they did it was hand delivered by a single courier or a series of couriers. Merchants traveling to a particular port or friends and family traveling to a distant city would carry letters or parcels. Only the wealthy or heads of state could afford to do this on a regular basis.

Post Boys - 1834In the 1600s, there was no such thing as a central post office system. Mail in Britain, Ireland and the new colonies in North America was carried by "post boys". These young men had their own horses and would carry messages, letters and parcels to a destination. The person who received the package had to pay for delivery in order to get it.

This system did work but it was very expensive, and full of problems. The post boy had to rely on the fact that the receiving party had the cash available and wanted the package. If something happened to his horse, the message could be delayed or worse.

Mail Coaches began running in the late 1700’s and ran regular routes. People would pay to put their mail on the route however delivery was not dependable nor was it timely. Many people still relied on hiring personal delivery for their packages. Wagon trains and settlers heading to a destination often were asked or paid to carry parcels with them. Because this was generally expensive, letter writing was for important business or serious situations. As the population and immigration grew so did commerce and the demand for a dependable system for delivery of documents and parcels.

For England, This all changed in 1840 with the very first stamp, the Penny Black. This was quickly followed by other nations including the First Stamp Issues of the United States in 1847.

Published in News